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Afghanistan

Population: 32 822 848

Armed Forces: 5 555 55

GDP: 20 650 000 000.00 $

Military Budget: 1 500 000 000.00 $

Ahmad Shah Dгurrani unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-communist mujahedin rebels.

 

A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, a US, Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama Bin Laden. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005.

 

In December 2004, Hamid Karzai became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. Karzai was re-elected in August 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

 

Population: 31,822,848 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Afghan(s) adjective: Afghan

 

Ethnic groups: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%.

 

Languages: Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca.  note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them.

 

Religions:  Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%.

 Total Personnel 

   Army

  Air Foces 

        190848

  174645 

      5872

GDP

GDP: $ 20 650 000 000 (2014)

$ 1500 000 000,00 (2014)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs  - http://mfa.gov.af/en

 

Ministry of Defense - http://mod.gov.af/fa

Afghan Armed Forces: Afghan National Army (ANA, includes Afghan Air Force (AAF))

AIR FORCES

 

Fixed Wing

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

An-32

OKB Antonov

Transport

2

2

2008

Delivered from Ukraine in 2008-2009

2

C-130H Hercules

Lockheed

Transport

2

2

2013

 

3

G222 (C-27 A)

Alenia

Transport

18

14

2009

Ex-Italian Air Force

4

G222 (C-27 A)

Alenia

VIP Transport

2

2

2009

Ex-Italian Air Force

5

L-39

Aero Vodochody as

Trainer

2

2

 

 

6

T182T Turbo Skylane

Cessna

Trainer

6

6

2011

 

7

208B Grand Caravan

Cessna

Light Transport / Trainer and Reconnaissance / Surveillance

26

22

2011

 

 

Rotary Wing

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

Mi-35 (Mi-24) «Hind»

Mil

Attack

n/a

11

n/a

Iincluding 6 Czech Mi-24V «Hind-E» delivered in 2008-09.

2

Mi-17 «Hip»

Mil

Multirole

n/a

48

n/a

 

3

MD 530F

MD Helicopters

Training

6

6

2011

 

 

 

ARMY

 

Armoured Equipment

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

T-62

Nizhnyi Tagil

Main Battle Tank

n/a

n/a

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

2

T-55

Former USSR factories

Main Battle Tank

n/a

n/a

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

3

BRDM-1

Arzamas Machinery Plant

Reconnaissance Vehicle

n/a

50

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

4

BRDM-2

Arzamas Machinery Plant

Reconnaissance Vehicle

n/a

50

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

5

BMP-2

Former USSR factories

Infantry Fighting Vehicle

n/a

n/a

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

6

BTR-60

Arzamas Machinery Plant

Armoured Personnel Carrier

n/a

n/a

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

7

BTR-70

Arzamas Machinery Plant

Armoured Personnel Carrier

n/a

n/a

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

8

BTR-80

Arzamas Machinery Plant

Armoured Personnel Carrier

n/a

n/a

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

9

BTR-152

Former USSR factories

Armoured Personnel Carrier

n/a

n/a

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

10

M112A2

BAE Systems

Armoured Personnel Carrier

n/a

173

2005

 

11

M577

BAE Systems

Command Post Vehicle

16

16

2005

 

 

 

Artillery

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

155 mm

n/a

Howitzer

24

 

2007

Provided by Turkey

2

D-30

Joint Stock Company Spetstehnika

Howitzer

n/a

74

 

24 units delivered from Bosnia-Herzegovina in 2011

3

152 mm M1943 (D-1)

Joint Stock Company Spetstehnika

Howitzer

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

4

130 mm M-46

Motovilikha Plants Corporation

Field Gun

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

5

122 mm BM-21

Splav Scientific Production Concern

Multiple Rocket Launcher

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

6

82 mm

Former USSR factories

Mortar

n/a

n/a

n/a

Including delivery from Bulgaria, Norway and Sweden

7

107 mm M38

Former USSR factories

Mortar

n/a

n/a

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

8

120 mm M1943

Former USSR factories

Mortar

n/a

n/a

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

9

160 mm M1943

Former USSR factories

Mortar

n/a

n/a

n/a

Delivery during cooperation with USSR

 

 

 

Anti-Tank Weapons

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

73 mm SPG-9 «Kopye»

KBP Instrument Design Bureau

Anti-Tank Gun

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

2

82 mm RCL B-10

Former USSR factories

Recoilless Rifle

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

3

9M14 Malyutka (AT-3 «Sagger» )

Konstruktorskoye Byuro Mashynostroyeniya

Anti-Tank Guided Weapon

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

4

RPG-7

n/a

Rocket Launcher

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

5

RPG- 1 6

n/a

Light Anti-Armour Weapon

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

 

 

 

Air Defence Weapons

 

Denomination

Manufacturer

Type

Quantity Total

Quantity In Service

Date of the Delivery

Comments

1

9K32/9K32M Strela-2/2M

(SA-7a/b «Grail»)

Konstruktorskoye Byuro Mashynostroyeniya

Man-Portable

Surface-to-Air

Missile

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

2

9K310 Igla-1 (SA-16 «Gimlet»)

Konstruktorskoye Byuro Mashynostroyeniya

Man-Portable

Surface-to-Air

Missile

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

3

9K310 Igla-1 /1E (SA-16 «Gimlet»)

Konstruktorskoye Byuro Mashynostroyeniya

Man-Portable

Surface-to-Air

Missile

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

4

9K36 Strela-3

Konstruktorskoye Byuro Mashynostroyeniya

Man-Portable

Surface-to-Air

Missile

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

5

HN-5A

NORINCO

Man-Portable

Surface-to-Air

Missile

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

6

9K35 Strela-10 (SA-1 3 «Gopher»)

Saratovskiy Zenit Machine Plant

Self-Propelled

Surface-to-Air

Missile

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

7

FI M-92A Stinger

Raytheon

Man-Portable

Surface-to-Air

Missile

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

8

23 mm ZSU-23-4

Former USSR factories

Self-Propelled Anti-

Aircraft Gun (Quad)

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

9

12.7 mm M53

Czech factories

Mounted Anti-

Aircraft Gun

(Quad)

n/a

n/a

n/a

For mounting in the rear of the BTR-152 (APC 6x6)

10

14.5 mm ZPU-1

Former USSR factories

Towed Anti-Aircraft

Gun

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

11

14.5 mm ZPU-2

Former USSR factories

Towed Anti-Aircraft

Gun

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

12

14.5 mm ZPU-4

Former USSR factories

Towed Anti-Aircraft

Gun

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

13

23 mm ZU-23-2

Former USSR factories

Towed Anti-Aircraft

Gun (Twin)

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

14

57 mm S-60

GPO Aleksinskiy

Khimkombinat

Towed Anti-Aircraft

Gun

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

15

85 mm M1939 (KS-12)

Former USSR factories

Towed Anti-Aircraft

Gun

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

16

100 mm KS-1 9

Former USSR factories

Towed Anti-Aircraft

Gun

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

 

 

 

Infantry Weapons

 

Denomination

Type

1

9 mm Makarov

Pistol

2

7.62 mm TT-33

Pistol

3

7.65 mm CZ vz-61

Sub-Machine Gun

4

5.45 mm AK-74

Rifle

5

5.45 mm AKS 74U

Rifle

6

7.62 mm AMD

Rifle

7

7.62 mm Vz 58

Rifle

8

7.62 mm Simonov SKS

Rifle

9

5.56 mm M16A2

Assault Rifle

10

7.62 mm AK-47/AKM

Assault Rifle

11

7.62 mm RPD

Machine Gun

12

7.62 mm RPK

Machine Gun

13

7.62 mm PKlPKM

Machine Gun

14

12.7 mm DShK

Machine Gun

15

14.5 mm KPV

Machine Gun

16

5.56 mm M249

Machine Gun

17

30 mm AGS-17

Grenade Launcher

 

 

 

Afghan, Coalition, and Pakistan military meet periodically to clarify the alignment of the boundary on the ground and on maps; Afghan and Iranian commissioners have discussed boundary monument densification and resurvey; Iran protests Afghanistan's restricting flow of dammed Helmand River tributaries during drought; Pakistan has sent troops across and built fences along some remote tribal areas of its treaty-defined Durand Line border with Afghanistan which serve as bases for foreign terrorists and other illegal activities; Russia remains concerned about the smuggling of poppy derivatives from Afghanistan through Central Asian countries.

 

Internally displaced persons: 818,163 (mostly Pashtuns and Kuchis displaced in the south and west due to drought and instability) (2015).

 

Afganistan is world's largest producer of opium; poppy cultivation increased 7 percent, to a record 211,000 hectares in 2014 from 198,000 hectares in 2013 while eradication dropped sharply; relatively low opium yields due to poor weather kept potential opium production—6,300 metric tons—below the record set in 2007; the Taliban and other antigovernment groups participate in and profit from the opiate trade, which is a key source of revenue for the Taliban inside Afghanistan; widespread corruption and instability impede counterdrug efforts; most of the heroin consumed in Europe and Eurasia is derived from Afghan opium; Afghanistan is also struggling to respond to a burgeoning domestic opiate addiction problem; vulnerable to drug money laundering through informal financial networks; illicit cultivation of cannabis and regional source of hashish.

 

Capital: Kabul

 

Location: Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran.

Landlocked; the Hindu Kush mountains that run northeast to southwest divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country; the highest peaks are in the northern Vakhan (Wakhan Corridor)

 

Geographic coordinates:

 33 00 N, 65 00 E

 

Area: 

total: 652,230 sq km

land: 652,230 sq km

water: 0 sq km

 

Land boundaries:

total: 5,987 km

border countries: China 91 km, Iran 921 km, Pakistan 2,670 km, Tajikistan 1,357 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km.

 

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

 

Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones.