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Austria

Population: 8 223 062

GDP: 417 900 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 34

Description

Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany.

 

 

A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.

Population

 

Population: 8,223,062 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Austrian(s) adjective: Austrian

 

Ethnic groups: Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4%

 

Languages: German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3%

 

Religions: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% 

GDP

 

GDP:  $417 900 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

Land Forces (KdoLdSK), Air Forces (KdoLuSK).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Austria is transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine destined for Western Europe; increasing consumption of European-produced synthetic drugs.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Vienna

 

Location: Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia. Austria is landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes, poor soils, and low temperatures elsewhere.

 

Geographic coordinates:

47 20 N, 13 20 E.

 

Area:

total: 83,871 sq km

land: 82,445 sq km

water: 1,426 sq km.

 

Land boundaries:

total: 2,524 km

border countries: Czech Republic 402 km, Germany 801 km, Hungary 321 km, Italy 404 km, Liechtenstein 34 km, Slovakia 105 km, Slovenia 299 km, Switzerland 158 km.

 

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).

 

Natural resources: oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower.