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Czech Republic

Population: 10 627 448

GDP: 194 800 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 34

 

At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians).

 

 

On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the territory that today comprises the Czech Republic and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.

 

Population: 10,627,448 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Czech(s) adjective: Czech

 

Ethnic groups: Czech 64.3%, Moravian 5%, Slovak 1.4%, other 1.8%, unspecified 27.5%

 

Languages: Czech 95.4%, Slovak 1.6%, other 3%

 

Religions: Roman Catholic 10.4%, Protestant (includes Czech Brethren and Hussite) 1.1%, other and unspecified 54%, none 34.5%

GDP

 

GDP: $ 194 800 000 000.00 (2013)

 

Army of the Czech Republic (Armada Ceske Republiky): Joint Forces Command (Spolocene Sily; includes Land Forces (Pozemni Sily) and Air Forces (Vzdusne Sily))

 

While threats of international legal action never materialized in 2007, 915,220 Austrians, with the support of the popular Freedom Party, signed a petition in January 2008, demanding that Austria block the Czech Republic's accession to the EU unless Prague closes its controversial Soviet-style nuclear plant in Temelin, bordering Austria.

 

Czech Republic is transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and minor transit point for Latin American cocaine to Western Europe; producer of synthetic drugs for local and regional markets; susceptible to money laundering related to drug trafficking, organized crime; significant consumer of ecstasy.

 

Capital: Prague

 

Location: Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria. Landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe.

 

Geographic coordinates:

49 45 N, 15 30 E.

 

Area:

total: 78,867 sq km

land: 77,247 sq km

water: 1,620 sq km.

 

Land boundaries:

total: 2,143 km

border countries: Austria 402 km, Germany 704 km, Poland 796 km, Slovakia 241 km.

 

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).

 

Natural resources: hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber, arable land.