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Djibouti

Population: 810 179

GDP: 1 459 000 000.00 $

Description

 

The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled Aptidon installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afar minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 with a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Somali Issa-dominated government.

 

 

In 1999, Djibouti's first multiparty presidential elections resulted in the election of Ismail Omar Guelleh as president; he was reelected to a second term in 2005 and extended his tenure in office via a constitutional amendment, which allowed him to begin a third term in 2011.

 

 

Djibouti occupies a strategic geographic location at the intersection of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden and serves as an important shipping portal for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands and transshipments between Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. The government holds longstanding ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, and has strong ties with the United States. Djibouti hosts several thousand members of US armed services at US-run Camp Lemonnier.

Population

 

Population:  810,179 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Djiboutian(s) adjective: Djiboutian

 

Ethnic groups: Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

 

Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

 

Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%

GDP

 

GDP: $ 1 459  000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

Djibouti Armed Forces (Forces Armees Djiboutiennes, FAD): Djibouti National Army (includes Navy, Djiboutian Air Force (Force Aerienne Djiboutienne, FAD), National Gendarmerie (GN)).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Djibouti maintains economic ties and border accords with "Somaliland" leadership while maintaining some political ties to various factions in Somalia; Kuwait is chief investor in the 2008 restoration and upgrade of the Ethiopian-Djibouti rail link; in 2008, Eritrean troops moved across the border on Ras Doumera peninsula and occupied Doumera Island with undefined sovereignty in the Red Sea.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Djibouti

 

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia. Strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is the lowest point in Africa and the saltiest lake in the world.

 

Geographic coordinates:

11 30 N, 43 00 E.

 

Area:

total: 23,200 sq km

land: 23,180 sq km

water: 20 sq km.

 

Land boundaries:

total: 528 km

border countries: Eritrea 125 km, Ethiopia 342 km, Somalia 61 km.

 

Coastline: 314 km.

 

Natural resources: potential geothermal power, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum.