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Jordan

Population: 7 930 491

GDP: 34 080 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 3

Description

 

Following World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the League of Nations awarded Britain the mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain demarcated a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s. The area gained its independence in 1946 and thereafter became The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The country's long-time ruler, King Hussein (1953-99), successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population. Jordan lost the West Bank to Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War.

 

 

King Hussein in 1988 permanently relinquished Jordanian claims to the West Bank; in 1994 he signed a peace treaty with Israel. King Abdallah II, King Hussein's eldest son, assumed the throne following his father's death in 1999. He implemented modest political and economic reforms, but in the wake of the "Arab Revolution" across the Middle East, Jordanians continue to press for further political liberalization, government reforms, and economic improvements. In January 2014, Jordan assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2014-15 term.

Population

 

Population: 7,930,491 (2014)

 

Nationality: noun: Jordanian(s) adjective: Jordanian

 

Ethnic groups: Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%

 

Languages: Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)

 

Religions: Muslim 97.2% (official; predominantly Sunni), Christian 2.2% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), Buddhist 0.4%, Hindu 0.1%, Jewish <.1, folk religion <.1, unaffiliated <.1, other <.1 

GDP

 

GDP: $ 34 080 000 000.00 (2013)

Military Organization

 

Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF): Royal Jordanian Land Force (RJLF), Royal Jordanian Navy, Royal Jordanian Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Malakiya al-Urduniya, RJAF), Special Operations Command (Socom); Public Security Directorate (normally falls under Ministry of Interior, but comes under JAF in wartime or crisis).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

2004 Agreement settles border dispute with Syria pending demarcation.

 

Refugees (country of origin): 55,509 (Iraq) (2013); 2,070,973 (Palestinian refugees (UNRWA)); 597,328 (Syria) (2014).

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Amman

 

Location: Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq. Jordan has strategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and as the Arab country that shares the longest border with Israel and the occupied West Bank.

 

Geographic coordinates:

31 00 N, 36 00 E

 

Area:

total: 89,342 sq km

land: 88,802 sq km

water: 540 sq km

 

Land boundaries:

total: 1,635 km

border countries: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km.

 

Coastline:  26 km

 

Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil.