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New Zealand

Population: 4 401 916

GDP: 181 100 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 19

Description

 

The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. That same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both world wars. New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.

Population

 

Population: 4,401,916 (2014).

 

Nationality: noun: New Zealander(s), adjective: New Zealand.

 

Ethnic groups: European 71.2%, Maori 14.1%, Asian 11.3%, Pacific peoples 7.6%, Middle Eastern, Latin American, African 1.1%, other 1.6%, not stated or unidentified 5.4%, percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic group.

 

Languages: English (de facto official) 89.8%, Maori (de jure official) 3.5%, Samoan 2%, Hindi 1.6%, French 1.2%, Northern Chinese 1.2%, Yue 1%, Other or not stated 20.5%, New Zealand Sign Language (de jure official), shares sum to 120.8% due to multiple responses on 2013 census.

 

Religions: Christian 44.3% (Catholic 11.6%, Anglican 10.8%, Presbyterian and Congregational 7.8%, Methodist, 2.4%, Pentecostal 1.8%, other 9.9%), Hindu 2.1%, Buddhist 1.4%, Maori Christian 1.3%, Islam 1.1%, other religion 1.4% (includes Judaism, Spiritualism and New Age religions, Baha'i, Asian religions other than Buddhism), no religion 38.5%, not stated or unidentified 8.2%, objected to answering 4.1%, percentages add up to more than 100% because people were able to identify more than one religion.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 181 100 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization

 

New Zealand Defense Force (NZDF): New Zealand Army; Royal New Zealand Navy; Royal New Zealand Air Force (Te Hokowhitu o Kahurangi, RNZAF).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

New Zealand asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Ross Dependency).

 

New Zealand is significant consumer of amphetamines.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Wellington

 

Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia. Almost 90% of the population lives in cities; Wellington is the southernmost national capital in the world.

 

Geographic coordinates:

41 00 S, 174 00 E

 

Area:

total: 267,710 sq km

land: 267,710 sq km

water: NA

note: includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands.

 

Land boundaries: 0 km.

 

Coastline: 15,134 km.

 

Natural resources: natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone.