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Norway

Population: 5 147 792

GDP: 515 800 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 36

 

Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav Tryggvason in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king.

 

Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO.

 

Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country's extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness.

 

Population: 5,147,792 (2014).

 

Nationality: noun: Norwegian(s), adjective: Norwegian.

 

Ethnic groups: Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2%.

 

Languages: Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities. Sami is an official language in nine municipalities.

 

Religions: Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 82.1%, other Christian 3.9%, Muslim 2.3%, Roman Catholic 1.8%, other 2.4%, unspecified 7.5%.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 515 800 000 000.00 (2013).

 

Norwegian Army (Haeren), Royal Norwegian Navy (Kongelige Norske Sjoeforsvaret, RNoN; includes Coastal Rangers and Coast Guard (Kystvakt)), Royal Norwegian Air Force (Kongelige Norske Luftforsvaret, RNoAF), Home Guard (Heimevernet, HV).

 

Norway asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land and its continental shelf); Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission; Norway and Russia signed a comprehensive maritime boundary agreement in 2010.

 

Refugees (country of origin): 9,275 (Somalia); 9,344 (Eritrea); 5,679 (Iraq); 5,523 (Afghanistan) (2013).

 

Capital: Oslo

 

Location: Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden. About two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much-indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of the most rugged and longest coastlines in the world.

 

Geographic coordinates:

62 00 N, 10 00 E

 

Area:

total: 323,802 sq km

land: 304,282 sq km

water: 19,520 sq km

 

Land boundaries:

total: 2,542 km

border countries: Finland 727 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 196 km.

 

Coastline: 25,148 km (includes mainland 2,650 km, as well as long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 22,498 km; length of island coastlines 58,133 km).

 

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower.

10/10/2018

SMi’s 3rd Annual Network Centric Warfare Conference is set to return to Rome, Italy on the 4th and 5th February (http://www.netcentric-warfare.com), bringing together an international gathering of expert military and industry speakers to discuss and provide invaluable insight of an increasingly important topic in the world of defence.

More Info...