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Oman

Population: 3 219 775

GDP: 81 950 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 1

Description

 

The inhabitants of the area of Oman have long prospered on Indian Ocean trade. In the late 18th century, a newly established sultanate in Muscat signed the first in a series of friendship treaties with Britain. Over time, Oman's dependence on British political and military advisors increased, but it never became a British colony. In 1970, Qaboos bin Said Al-Said overthrew his father, and he has since ruled as sultan. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world while preserving the longstanding close ties with the UK.

 

 

Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries. Inspired by the popular uprisings that swept the Middle East and North Africa beginning in January 2011, some Omanis began staging marches, demonstrations, and sit-ins calling mostly for more jobs and economic benefits and an end to corruption. In response to those protester demands, Qaboos in 2011 pledged to implement economic and political reforms, such as granting legislative and regulatory powers to the Majlis al-Shura and introducing unemployment benefits.

 

 

Additionally, in August 2012, the Sultan announced a royal directive mandating the speedy implementation of a national job creation plan for thousands of public and private sector jobs. As part of the government's efforts to decentralize authority and allow greater citizen participation in local governance, Oman successfully conducted its first municipal council elections in December 2012. Announced by the Sultan in 2011, the municipal councils will have the power to advise the Royal Court on the needs of local districts across Oman's 11 governorates.

Population

 

Population: 3,219,775

 

Nationality: noun: Omani(s), adjective: Omani.

 

Ethnic groups: Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African.

 

Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects.

 

Religions: Muslim (official; majority are Ibadhi, lesser numbers of Sunni and Shia)) 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5%, Buddhist 0.8%, Jewish <.1, other 1%, unaffiliated 0.2%.

Approximately 75% of Omani citizens, who compose almost 70% of the country's total population, are Ibadhi Muslims.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 81 950 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization

 

Sultan's Armed Forces (SAF): Royal Army of Oman, Royal Navy of Oman, Royal Air Force of Oman (al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Sultanat Oman).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Boundary agreement reportedly signed and ratified with UAE in 2003 for entire border, including Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah exclave, but details of the alignment have not been made public.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Muscat

 

Location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE. Strategic location on Musandam Peninsula adjacent to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil.

 

Geographic coordinates:

21 00 N, 57 00 E

 

 

Area:

total: 309,500 sq km

land: 309,500 sq km

water: 0 sq km

 

Land boundaries:

total: 1,573 km

border countries: Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 609 km, Yemen 288 km.

 

Coastline: 2,092 km.

 

Natural resources: petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas.