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Poland

Population: 38 346 279

GDP: 513 900 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 28

 

Poland's history as a state begins near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in central and eastern Europe. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among themselves.

 

Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force with over ten million members.

 

 

Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the communist era to a close. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed and with large investments in defense, energy, and other infrastructure, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

 

Population: 38,346,279 (2014).

 

Nationality: noun: Pole(s), adjective: Polish.

 

Ethnic groups: Polish 96.9%, Silesian 1.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 1.7%.

 

Languages: Polish (official) 96.2%, Polish and non-Polish 2%, non-Polish 0.5%, unspecified 1.3%. Kashub is recognized as a regional language under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.

 

Religions: Catholic 87.2% (includes Roman Catholic 86.9% and Greek Catholic, Armenian Catholic, and Byzantine-Slavic Catholic .3%), Orthodox 1.3% (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant 0.4% (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), other 0.4% (includes Jehovah's Witness, Buddhist, Hare Krishna, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Muslim, Jewish, Mormon), unspecified 10.8%.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 513 900 000 000.00 (2013).

 

Polish Armed Forces: Land Forces, Navy, Air and Air Defense Aviation Forces, Special Forces.

 

As a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Poland has implemented the strict Schengen border rules to restrict illegal immigration and trade along its eastern borders with Belarus and Ukraine.

 

Despite diligent counternarcotics measures and international information sharing on cross-border crimes, a major illicit producer of synthetic drugs for the international market; minor transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and Latin American cocaine to Western Europe.

 

Capital: Warsaw

 

Location: Central Europe, east of Germany. Historically, an area of conflict because of flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain.

 

Geographic coordinates:

52 00 N, 20 00 E

 

 

Area:

total: 312,685 sq km

land: 304,255 sq km

water: 8,430 sq km

 

Land boundaries:

total: 3,071 km

border countries: Belarus 418 km, Czech Republic 796 km, Germany 467 km, Lithuania 104 km, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast) 210 km, Slovakia 541 km, Ukraine 535 km.

 

Coastline: 440 km.

 

Natural resources: coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land.

04/10/2016

Poland has scrapped a 13.5 billion zlotys ($3.5 billion) deal for 50 Airbus (AIR.PA) utility helicopters that were to be delivered to the Polish army, the economy ministry said late on Tuesday.

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