Previous
Profile
Next
Profile

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Population: 51 538

GDP: 767 000 000.00 $

Description

 

Carib Indians occupied the islands of the West Indies for hundreds of years before the British began settlement in 1623. In 1967, the island territory of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla became an associated state of the UK with full internal autonomy. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. The remaining islands achieved independence in 1983 as Saint Kitts and Nevis. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to separate from Saint Kitts.

Population

 

Population: 51,538 (2014).

 

Nationality: noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s), adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian.

 

Ethnic groups: predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese.

 

Languages: English (official).

 

Religions: Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 767 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Security, Labour, Immigration, and Social Security: Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force (includes Coast Guard), Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force.

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its Economic Exclusion Zone/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea.

 

Saint Kitts and Nevis is transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; some money-laundering activity.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Basseterre

 

Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago. Smallest country in the Americas and Western Hemisphere; with coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a 3-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island.

 

Geographic coordinates:

17 20 N, 62 45 W.

 

Area:

total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)

land: 261 sq km

water: 0 sq km.

 

Land boundaries: 0 km.

 

Coastline: 135 km.

 

Natural resources: arable land.