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Samoa

Population: 196 628

GDP: 705 000 000.00 $

Description

 

New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.

Population

 

Population: 196,628

 

Nationality: noun: Samoan(s), adjective: Samoan.

 

Ethnic groups: Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians (persons of European and Polynesian blood) 7%, Europeans 0.4%.

 

Languages: Samoan (Polynesian) (official), English.

 

Religions: Protestant 57.4% (Congregationalist 31.8%, Methodist 13.7%, Assembly of God 8%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.9%), Roman Catholic 19.4%, Mormon 15.2%, Worship Centre 1.7%, other Christian 5.5%, other 0.7%, none 0.1%, unspecified 0.1%.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 705 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization

 

No regular military forces; Samoa Police Force. Samoa has no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties exist with NZ, which is required to consider any Samoan request for assistance under the 1962 Treaty of Friendship.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Apia

 

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand. Samoa occupies an almost central position within Polynesia.

 

Geographic coordinates:

13 35 S, 172 20 W.

 

Area:

total: 2,831 sq km

land: 2,821 sq km

water: 10 sq km

 

Land boundaries: 0 km.

 

Coastline: 403 km.

 

Natural resources: hardwood forests, fish, hydropower.