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Seychelles

Population: 91 650

GDP: 1 271 000 000.00 $

Description

 

A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993. President France-Albert Rene, who had served since 1977, was re-elected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice President James Alix Michel took over the presidency and in July 2006 was elected to a new five-year term; he was reelected in May 2011.

Population

 

Population: 91,650 (2014).

 

Nationality: noun: Seychellois (singular and plural), adjective: Seychellois.

 

Ethnic groups: mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab.

 

Languages: Seychellois Creole (official) 89.1%, English (official) 5.1%, French (official) 0.7%, other 3.8%, unspecified 1.4%.

 

Religions: Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 10.6% (Anglican 6.1%, Pentecoastal Assembly 1.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.2%, other Protestant 1.6), other Christian 2.4%, Hindu 2.4%, Muslim 1.6%, other non-Christian 1.1%, unspecified 4.8%, none 0.9%.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 1 271 000 000.00 (2013).

Military Organization

 

Seychelles Defense Force: Army, Coast Guard (includes Naval Wing, Air Wing), National Guard.

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Islands (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory).

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Victoria

 

Location: Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar. Smallest African country; the constitution of the Republic of Seychelles lists 155 islands: 42 granitic and 113 coralline; by far the largest island is Mahe, which is home to about 90% of the population and the site of the capital city of Victoria.

 

Geographic coordinates:

4 35 S, 55 40 E

 

Area:

total: 455 sq km

land: 455 sq km

water: 0 sq km.

 

Land boundaries: 0 km.

 

Coastline: 491 km.

 

Natural resources: fish, copra, cinnamon trees.