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Slovenia

Population: 1 988 292

GDP: 49 930 000 000.00 $

Companies & Organizations: 3

Description

 

The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia's transformation to a modern state. Slovenia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004; it joined the euro zone in 2007.

Population

 

Population: 1,988,292 (2014).

 

Nationality: noun: Slovene(s), adjective: Slovenian.

 

Ethnic groups: Slovene 83.1%, Serb 2%, Croat 1.8%, Bosniak 1.1%, other or unspecified 12%.

 

Languages: Slovenian (official) 91.1%, Serbo-Croatian 4.5%, other or unspecified 4.4%, Italian (official, only in municipalities where Italian national communities reside), Hungarian (official, only in municipalities where Hungarian national communities reside).

 

Religions: Catholic 57.8%, Muslim 2.4%, Orthodox 2.3%, other Christian 0.9%, unaffiliated 3.5%, other or unspecified 23%, none 10.1%.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 49 930 000 000.00 (2014).

Military Organization

 

Slovenian Armed Forces (Slovenska Vojska, SV): Forces Command (with ground units, naval element, air and air defense brigade); Administration for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief (ACPDR).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

Since the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, Croatia and Slovenia have each claimed sovereignty over Pirin Bay and four villages, and Slovenia has objected to Croatia's claim of an exclusive economic zone in the Adriatic Sea; in 2009, however Croatia and Slovenia signed a binding international arbitration agreement to define their disputed land and maritime borders, which led to Slovenia lifting its objections to Croatia joining the EU; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Slovenia has implemented the strict Schengen border rules to curb illegal migration and commerce through southeastern Europe while encouraging close cross-border ties with Croatia; Slovenia continues to impose a hard border Schengen regime with Croatia, which joined the EU in 2013 but has not yet fulfilled Schengen requirements.

 

Slovenia is minor transit point for cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin bound for Western Europe, and for precursor chemicals.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Ljubljana

 

Location: South Central Europe, Julian Alps between Austria and Croatia. Despite its small size, this eastern Alpine country controls some of Europe's major transit routes.

 

Geographic coordinates:

46 07 N, 14 49 E.

 

Area:

total: 20,273 sq km

land: 20,151 sq km

water: 122 sq km

 

Land boundaries:

total: 1,211 km

border countries: Austria 299 km, Croatia 600 km, Hungary 94 km, Italy 218 km.

 

Coastline: 46.6 km.

 

Natural resources: lignite coal, lead, zinc, building stone, hydropower, forests.