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Swaziland

Population: 1 419 623

GDP: 3 842 000 000.00 $

Description

 

Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted in 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured King Mswati III, Africa's last absolute monarch, to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy, although he has backslid on these promises in recent years. A constitution came into effect in 2006, but the legal status of political parties remains unclear.

 

 

The African United Democratic Party tried unsuccessfully to register as an official political party in mid-2006. Talks over the constitution broke down between the government and progressive groups in 2007. Swaziland recently surpassed Botswana as the country with the world's highest known HIV/AIDS prevalence rate.

Population

 

Population: 1,419,623.

 

Nationality: noun: Swazi(s), adjective: Swazi.

 

Ethnic groups: African 97%, European 3%.

 

Languages: English (official, used for government business), siSwati (official).

 

Religions: Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other 30% (includes Anglican, Baha'i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish).

 

GDP

 

GDP: $ 3 842 000 000.00 (2014).

Military Organization

 

Umbutfo Swaziland Defense Force (USDF): Ground Force (includes Air Wing (no operational aircraft)).

Conflicts and Disputes

 

In 2006, Swazi king advocated resorting to ICJ to claim parts of Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal from South Africa.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital: Mbabane. Lobamba is the royal and legislative capital.

 

Location: Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa. Landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa

 

Geographic coordinates:

26 30 S, 31 30 E.

 

Area:

total: 17,364 sq km

land: 17,204 sq km

water: 160 sq km.

 

Land boundaries:

total: 546 km

border countries: Mozambique 108 km, South Africa 438 km.

 

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).

 

Natural resources: asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc.