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Zambia

Population: 14 638 505

GDP: 25 610 000 000.00 $

Description

 

The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration.

 

 

The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices, economic mismanagement and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with three parties filing a legal petition challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy Mwanawasa. Mwanawasa was reelected in 2006 in an election that was deemed free and fair.

 

 

Upon his abrupt death in August 2008, he was succeeded by his vice president, Rupiah Banda, who subsequently won a special presidential by-election in October 2008. Michael Sata was elected president in September 2011 but died in October 2014 and was succeeded by his vice president, who served as interim president, until special elections were held in January 2015. Edgar Lungu won the election and will complete Sata’s term, which expires in September 2016.

 

Population

 

Population: 14,638,505

 

Nationality: noun: Zambian(s), adjective: Zambian

 

Ethnic groups: Bemba 21%, Tonga 13.6%, Chewa 7.4%, Lozi 5.7%, Nsenga 5.3%, Tumbuka 4.4%, Ngoni 4%, Lala 3.1%, Kaonde 2.9%, Namwanga 2.8%, Lunda (north Western) 2.6%, Mambwe 2.5%, Luvale 2.2%, Lamba 2.1%, Ushi 1.9%, Lenje 1.6%, Bisa 1.6%, Mbunda 1.2%, other 13.8%, unspecified 0.4%.

 

Languages: Bembe 33.4%, Nyanja 14.7%, Tonga 11.4%, Lozi 5.5%, Chewa 4.5%, Nsenga 2.9%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda (North Western) 1.9%, Kaonde 1.8%, Lala 1.8%, Lamba 1.8%, English (official) 1.7%, Luvale 1.5%, Mambwe 1.3%, Namwanga 1.2%, Lenje 1.1%, Bisa 1%, other 9.2%, unspecified 0.4%. Zambia is said to have over 70 languages, although many of these may be considered dialects; all of Zambia's major languages are members of the Bantu family.

 

Religions: Protestant 75.3%, Roman Catholic 20.2%, other 2.7% (includes Muslim Buddhist, Hindu, and Baha'i), none 1.8%.

GDP

 

GDP: $ 25 610 000 000.00 (2014).

Military Organization

 

Zambian National Defense Force (ZNDF): Zambia Army, Zambia Air Force, National Service (paramilitary youth organization).

 

Conflicts and Disputes

 

In 2004, Zimbabwe dropped objections to plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing a short, but not clearly delimited, Botswana-Zambia boundary in the river.

 

Refugees (country of origin): 17,652 (Democratic Republic of the Congo) (2014).

 

Zambia is transshipment point for moderate amounts of methaqualone, small amounts of heroin, and cocaine bound for southern Africa and possibly Europe; a poorly developed financial infrastructure coupled with a government commitment to combating money laundering make it an unattractive venue for money launderers; major consumer of cannabis.

Geographical Information and Map

 

Capital:  Lusaka

 

Location: Southern Africa, east of Angola, south of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Landlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary with Zimbabwe; Lake Kariba on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border forms the world's largest reservoir by volume (180 cu km; 43 cu mi).

 

Geographic coordinates:

15 00 S, 30 00 E.

 

Area:

total: 752,618 sq km

land: 743,398 sq km

water: 9,220 sq km.

 

Land boundaries:

total: 6,043.15 km

border countries: Angola 1,065 km, Botswana 0.15 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,332 km, Malawi 847 km, Mozambique 439 km, Namibia 244 km, Tanzania 353 km, Zimbabwe 763 km.

 

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked).

 

Natural resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower.